Journey From Jim Crow

Journey from Jim Crow PDF
Author: Catherine A. Barnes
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780231053808
Size: 66.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 313
View: 5017

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Journey From Jim Crow

by Catherine A. Barnes, Journey From Jim Crow Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Journey From Jim Crow books, In 1867, when New Orleans blacks protested the segregation practices of private streetcar companies by boarding white-only horse cars, the military Reconstruction commander in that city ordered the cars integrated. In 1887, the newly established Interstate Commerce Commission harshly. condemned the unequal facilities for blacks on southern railroads. In 1942, a black soldier who sat in a white-only section of a bus in Beaumont, Texas, was arrested, then beaten and shot by policemen. In 1955, when civil rights activist Rosa Parks refused to move from a white seat in a Montgomery, Alabama bus, she started a massive boycott that brought Martin Luther King, Jr. to international prominence. In 1962, a sixty-one-year old white "freedom rider" suffered permanent brain damage after being beaten by white counter-protesters on an interstate bus in Anniston, Alabama. Yet in 1964, when Congress finally repassed the 1875 Civil Rights Act rule against segregation in public transit, the end of this most symbolic facet of the Jim Crow system received little praise from the civil rights movement and little opposition from the white South. These incidents and scores of others, legal and extralegal, are treated in this first comprehensive analysis of the history of segregated public transit in the South. Catherine Barnes's pithy, understated book is a solid combination of legal and social history. It should be read by anyone interested in the twisted path of race relations in America.



From Jim Crow To Civil Rights

From Jim Crow to Civil Rights PDF
Author: Michael J. Klarman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195310187
Size: 79.32 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 655
View: 604

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From Jim Crow To Civil Rights

by Michael J. Klarman, From Jim Crow To Civil Rights Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download From Jim Crow To Civil Rights books, While Brown vs. Board of Education had a significant impact by bringing race issues to public attention and mobilizing supporters of the ruling, it also energized the opposition. In this account of the history of constitutional law concerning race, legal scholar Michael Klarman details the ways in which Supreme Court decisions have had consequences for race relations in America.--From publisher description



Journey Of Jim Crow

Journey of Jim Crow PDF
Author: Catherine A. Barnes
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780835745857
Size: 40.32 MB
Format: PDF
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 329
View: 214

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Journey Of Jim Crow

by Catherine A. Barnes, Journey Of Jim Crow Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Journey Of Jim Crow books,



Dark Journey

Dark Journey PDF
Author: Neil R. McMillen
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 9780252061561
Size: 49.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 430
View: 6119

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Dark Journey

by Neil R. McMillen, Dark Journey Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Dark Journey books, "Remarkable for its relentless truth-telling, and the depth and thoroughness of its investigation, for the freshness of its sources, and for the shock power of its findings. Even a reader who is not unfamiliar with the sources and literature of the subject can be jolted by its impact."--C. Vann Woodward, New York Review of Books "Dark Journey is a superb piece of scholarship, a book that all students of southern and African-American history will find valuable and informative."--David J. Garrow, Georgia Historical Quarterly



Journey From Jim Crow

Journey from Jim Crow PDF
Author: Catherine A. Barnes
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 52.20 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Segregation in transportation
Languages : en
Pages : 1336
View: 6660

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Journey From Jim Crow

by Catherine A. Barnes, Journey From Jim Crow Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Journey From Jim Crow books,



Jim Crow Terminals

Jim Crow Terminals PDF
Author: Anke Ortlepp
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 082035094X
Size: 28.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 222
View: 5793

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Jim Crow Terminals

by Anke Ortlepp, Jim Crow Terminals Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Jim Crow Terminals books, Historical accounts of racial discrimination in transportation have focused until now on trains, buses, and streetcars and their respective depots, terminals, stops, and other public accommodations. It is essential to add airplanes and airports to this narrative, says Anke Ortlepp. Air travel stands at the center of the twentieth century’s transportation revolution, and airports embodied the rapidly mobilizing, increasingly prosperous, and cosmopolitan character of the postwar United States. When segregationists inscribed local definitions of whiteness and blackness onto sites of interstate and even international transit, they not only brought the incongruities of racial separation into sharp relief but also obligated the federal government to intervene. Ortlepp looks at African American passengers; civil rights organizations; the federal government and judiciary; and airport planners, architects, and managers as actors in shaping aviation’s legal, cultural, and built environments. She relates the struggles of black travelers—to enjoy the same freedoms on the airport grounds that they enjoyed in the aircraft cabin—in the context of larger shifts in the postwar social, economic, and political order. Jim Crow terminals, Ortlepp shows us, were both spatial expressions of sweeping change and sites of confrontation over the renegotiation of racial identities. Hence, this new study situates itself in the scholarly debate over the multifaceted entanglements of “race” and “space.”



Making Civil Rights Law

Making Civil Rights Law PDF
Author: Mark V. Tushnet
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195084128
Size: 51.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 399
View: 5831

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Making Civil Rights Law

by Mark V. Tushnet, Making Civil Rights Law Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Making Civil Rights Law books, Making Civil Rights Law is an insightful and provocative narrative history of the legal struggle, led by Thurgood Marshall and the NAACP Legal Defense Fund, which preceded the intense political battles for civil rights. Drawing on personal interviews with Thurgood Marshall and other NAACP lawyers, as well as new information about the private deliberations of the Supreme Court, Tushnet tells the dramatic story of how the NAACP Legal Defense Fund led the Court to use the Constitution as an instrument of liberty and justice for all African-Americans. He also offers new insights into how the justices argued among themselves about the historic changes they were to make in American society.



An Unwitting Pioneer

An Unwitting Pioneer PDF
Author: Marshall A. III Isler
Publisher: Tate Publishing
ISBN: 1617774243
Size: 56.77 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : en
Pages : 321
View: 309

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An Unwitting Pioneer

by Marshall A. III Isler, An Unwitting Pioneer Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download An Unwitting Pioneer books, I quickly began to realize that, regardless of race, at the end of the day, one's success in a particular organization depends on one's contribution to the objectives of that organization. Therefore, I had to create a win-win for the organization. The more I won, the better I felt and the more productive I became for the organization. In addition, as a pioneer to my white peers, I was representing all black America. I was removing myths and preconceived notions about the intellectual capacity of blacks. Separate water fountains for blacks were common in the South in the 1950s. Marshall Isler III grew up in the Jim Crow South. Despite the social pressure for him to stay in his 'place, ' Isler forged ahead by obtaining a degree in engineering from Howard University and becoming one of few black officers in the navy at that time. Little did he know, these were just his first steps toward becoming An Unwitting Pioneer. After forgoing a civil service super-grade at 38, Isler joined Parametric, the largest black construction management firm, where he orchestrated a 17 million dollar parking garage deal with the city of Philadelphia. From there, he entered the world of entrepreneurship, only to find that others expected him to stay in his 'place' in business as well. Follow Isler as he breaks boundaries, blazes trails for the black businessman, and finds God in An Unwitting Pioneer.



Traveling Black

Traveling Black PDF
Author: Mia Bay
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 067425869X
Size: 55.11 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 400
View: 819

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Traveling Black

by Mia Bay, Traveling Black Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Traveling Black books, A riveting, character-rich account of racial segregation in America that reveals just how central travel restrictions were to the creation of Jim Crow laws—and why “traveling Black” has been at the heart of the quest for racial justice ever since. Why have white supremacists and civil rights activists been so focused on Black mobility? From Plessy v. Ferguson to #DrivingWhileBlack, African Americans have fought for over a century to move freely around the United States. Curious as to why so many cases contesting the doctrine of “separate but equal” involved trains and buses, Mia Bay went back to the sources with some basic questions: How did travel segregation begin? Why were so many of those who challenged it in court women? How did it move from one form of transport to another, and what was it like to be caught up in this web of contradictory rules? From stagecoaches, steamships, and trains to buses, cars, and planes, Traveling Black explores when, how, and why racial restrictions took shape and brilliantly portrays what it was like to live with them. “There is not in the world a more disgraceful denial of human brotherhood than the ‘Jim Crow’ car of the southern United States,” W. E. B. Du Bois famously declared. Bay unearths troves of supporting evidence, rescuing forgotten stories of undaunted passengers who made it back home despite being insulted, stranded, re-routed, and ignored. Black travelers never stopped challenging these humiliations and insisting on justice in the courts. Traveling Black upends our understanding of Black resistance, documenting a sustained fight that falls outside the traditional boundaries of the Civil Rights Movement. A masterpiece of scholarly and human insight, this book helps explain why the long, unfinished journey to racial equality so often takes place on the road.



A Mighty Fine Road

A Mighty Fine Road PDF
Author: H. Roger Grant
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253052688
Size: 38.45 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Transportation
Languages : en
Pages : 344
View: 3979

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A Mighty Fine Road

by H. Roger Grant, A Mighty Fine Road Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A Mighty Fine Road books, The Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railroad's history is one of big booms and bigger busts. When it became the first railroad to reach and then cross the Mississippi River in 1856, it emerged as a leading American railroad company. But after aggressive expansion and a subsequent change in management, the company struggled and eventually declared bankruptcy in 1915. What followed was a cycle of resurrections and bankruptcies; a grueling, ten-year, ultimately unsuccessful battle to merge with the Union Pacific; and the Rock Island's final liquidation in 1981. But today, long after its glory days and eventual demise, the "Mighty Fine Road" has left behind a living legacy of major and feeder lines throughout the country. In his latest work, railroad historian H. Roger Grant offers an accessible, gorgeously illustrated, and comprehensive history of this iconic American railroad.