Two Paths To Equality

Two Paths to Equality PDF
Author: Amy E. Butler
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 079148887X
Size: 25.89 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 177
View: 3608

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Two Paths To Equality

by Amy E. Butler, Two Paths To Equality Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Two Paths To Equality books, A comprehensive look at the ERA debates of the 1920s.



A Class By Herself

A Class by Herself PDF
Author: Nancy Woloch
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691176167
Size: 75.75 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 876

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A Class By Herself

by Nancy Woloch, A Class By Herself Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A Class By Herself books, A Class by Herself explores the historical role and influence of protective legislation for American women workers, both as a step toward modern labor standards and as a barrier to equal rights. Spanning the twentieth century, the book tracks the rise and fall of women-only state protective laws—such as maximum hour laws, minimum wage laws, and night work laws—from their roots in progressive reform through the passage of New Deal labor law to the feminist attack on single-sex protective laws in the 1960s and 1970s. Nancy Woloch considers the network of institutions that promoted women-only protective laws, such as the National Consumers' League and the federal Women's Bureau; the global context in which the laws arose; the challenges that proponents faced; the rationales they espoused; the opposition that evolved; the impact of protective laws in ever-changing circumstances; and their dismantling in the wake of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Above all, Woloch examines the constitutional conversation that the laws provoked—the debates that arose in the courts and in the women's movement. Protective laws set precedents that led to the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 and to current labor law; they also sustained a tradition of gendered law that abridged citizenship and impeded equality for much of the century. Drawing on decades of scholarship, institutional and legal records, and personal accounts, A Class by Herself sets forth a new narrative about the tensions inherent in women-only protective labor laws and their consequences.



Women And Politics

Women and Politics PDF
Author: Lynne Ford
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 042998264X
Size: 71.28 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 466
View: 1986

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Women And Politics

by Lynne Ford, Women And Politics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Women And Politics books, Women and Politics is a comprehensive examination of women's use of politics in pursuit of gender equality. How can demands for gender equality be reconciled with sex differences? Resolving this paradoxical question has proceeded along two paths: the legal equality doctrine, which emphasizes gender neutrality, and the fairness doctrine, which recognizes differences between men and women. The text's clear analysis and presentation of theory and history helps students to think critically about the difficulties faced by women in politics, and about how public policies in education, labour and the economy, and family and fertility, impact gender equality. The fully-revised fourth edition explores new critical perspectives, recent political events, and current challenges to gender equality, including the 2016 presidential election and Hillary Clinton's candidacy, the fight for equal pay and paid leave, and the debate over reproductive rights and campus sexual assault. It also includes current scholarship on the intersections of race, class, and gender, and expanded coverage of minority women, women in the military, and conservative women. This text, and its two-path framework, is essential to understanding women's pursuit of equality via the political system.



Constitutional Orphan

Constitutional Orphan PDF
Author: Paula A. Monopoli
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190092815
Size: 10.66 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 192
View: 6519

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Constitutional Orphan

by Paula A. Monopoli, Constitutional Orphan Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Constitutional Orphan books, An account of the ramifications of the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment and the divisions it created in the courts and Congress, and in the women's movement itself. Constitutional Orphan explores the role of former suffragists in the constitutional development of the Nineteenth Amendment, during the decade following its ratification in 1920. It examines the pivot to new missions, immediately after ratification, by two national suffrage organizations, the National Woman's Party and the National American Woman Suffrage Association. The NWP turned from suffrage to a federal equal rights amendment. NAWSA became the National League of Women Voters, and turned to voter education and social welfare legislation. The book then connects that pivot by both groups, to the emergence of a thin conception of the Nineteenth Amendment, as a matter of constitutional interpretation. It surfaces the history around the Congressional failure to enact enforcement legislation, pursuant to the Nineteenth, and connects that with the NWP's perceived need for southern Congressional votes for the ERA. It also explores the choice to turn away from African American women suffragists asking for help to combat voter suppression efforts, after the November 1920 presidential election; and then evaluates the deep divisions among NWP members, some of whom were social feminists who opposed the ERA, and the NLWV, which supported the social feminists in that opposition. The book also analyzes how state courts, left without federal enforcement legislation to constrain or guide them, used strict construction to cabin the emergence of a more robust interpretation of the Nineteenth. It concludes with an examination of new legal scholarship, which suggests broader ways in which the Nineteenth could be used today to expand gender equality.



Two Paths To Women S Equality

Two Paths to Women s Equality PDF
Author: Janet Zollinger Giele
Publisher: Macmillan Reference USA
ISBN:
Size: 15.19 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 295
View: 5135

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Two Paths To Women S Equality

by Janet Zollinger Giele, Two Paths To Women S Equality Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Two Paths To Women S Equality books, Temperance and Woman Suffrage were about much more than prohibition and the vote; they were powerful early expressions of what has become the continuing concern of the women's movement for the social well-being of children and families and for the right of women to the same opportunities as men. In this first book to assess the combined influence of temperance and suffrage on woman's evolving role in American society, sociologist Janet Zollinger Giele argues that the two movements together accomplished much more than either could have done alone. Giele traces the history of temperance and suffrage to women's involvement in missionary work, moral reform, and abolition between the Revolutionary and Civil Wars. Her intensive study of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union, founded in 1874, reveals what many will find to be its surprisingly wide scope of social concerns. The temperance women, often thought of in caricature as priggish, narrow-minded souls who abhorred alcohol, were largely motivated by the desire to eliminate the ill health, poverty, violence against women and children, and broken homes that resulted from its abuse. Giele's study of the suffrage movement chronicles its evolution from the small gathering in Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848 through the dramatic division of its ranks following the Civil War to its reunification near the turn of the century and finally to its ultimate victory with the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920. Giele's analysis is informed by her search of the leading temperance and suffrage newspapers for a view of each group's concerns unfiltered by time and second opinions; she also surveys the life histories of dozens of temperance and suffrage leaders to discern the common experiences that likely led them to their cause. Her study of each movement covers its ideology, organizational development, and tactical strategies. "The temperance and suffrage movements illustrate three important points for modern-day feminists," Giele concludes. "First, the early leaders were inspired by the challenges and difficulties in their own lives to envision the new social order in which they wanted to live. Second, they organized and pressed their agenda for social change until they won a wider following. Finally, they welded their claims on behalf of others together with claims on behalf of themselves. United for social responsibility as well as for individual rights, their cause could not be turned aside." Giele's original research, comprehensive historical knowledge, insightful analysis, and thoughtful application of scholarly theory to real-life practice render this volume useful to practicing feminists and students of feminist and social movement history alike.



Feminism As Life S Work

Feminism as Life s Work PDF
Author: Mary K. Trigg
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 0813565383
Size: 11.47 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 292
View: 2903

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Feminism As Life S Work

by Mary K. Trigg, Feminism As Life S Work Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Feminism As Life S Work books, With suffrage secured in 1920, feminists faced the challenge of how to keep their momentum going. As the center of the movement shrank, a small, self-appointed vanguard of “modern” women carried the cause forward in life and work. Feminism as Life’s Work profiles four of these women: the author Inez Haynes Irwin, the historian Mary Ritter Beard, the activist Doris Stevens, and Lorine Pruette, a psychologist. Their life-stories, told here in full for the first time, embody the changes of the first four decades of the twentieth century—and complicate what we know of the period. Through these women’s intertwined stories, Mary Trigg traces the changing nature of the women’s movement across turbulent decades rent by world war, revolution, global depression, and the rise of fascism. Criticizing the standard division of feminist activism as a series of historical waves, Trigg exposes how Irwin, Beard, Stevens, and Pruette helped push the U.S. feminist movement to victory and continued to propel it forward from the 1920s to the 1960s, decades not included in the “wave” model. At a time widely viewed as the “doldrums” of feminism, the women in this book were in fact taking the cause to new sites: the National Women’s Party; sexuality and relations with men; marriage; and work and financial independence. In their utopian efforts to reshape work, sexual relations, and marriage, modern feminists ran headlong into the harsh realities of male power, the sexual double standard, the demands of motherhood, and gendered social structures. In Feminism as Life’s Work, Irwin, Beard, Stevens, and Pruette emerge as the heirs of the suffrage movement, guardians of a long feminist tradition, and catalysts of the belief in equality and difference. Theirs is a story of courage, application, and perseverance—a story that revisits the “bleak and lonely years” of the U.S. women’s movement and emerges with a fresh perspective of the history of this pivotal era.



Learning Boost C Libraries

Learning Boost C   Libraries PDF
Author: Arindam Mukherjee
Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 1783551224
Size: 58.54 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 558
View: 5543

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Learning Boost C Libraries

by Arindam Mukherjee, Learning Boost C Libraries Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Learning Boost C Libraries books, Filled with dozens of working code examples that illustrate the use of over 40 popular Boost libraries, this book takes you on a tour of Boost, helping you to independently build the libraries from source and use them in your own code. The first half of the book focuses on basic programming interfaces including generic containers and algorithms, strings, resource management, exception safety, and a miscellany of programming utilities that make everyday programming chores easy. Following a short interlude that introduces template metaprogramming and functional programming, the later chapters are devoted to systems programming interfaces, focusing on directory handling, I/O, concurrency, and network programming



Unprotected Labor

Unprotected Labor PDF
Author: Vanessa H. May
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 0807834777
Size: 79.26 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 246
View: 4683

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Unprotected Labor

by Vanessa H. May, Unprotected Labor Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Unprotected Labor books, Through an analysis of women's reform, domestic worker activism, and cultural values attached to public and private space, Vanessa May explains how and why domestic workers, the largest category of working women before 1940, were excluded from labor prote



Gendered Citizenship

Gendered Citizenship PDF
Author: Rebecca DeWolf
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 1496215567
Size: 69.11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 350
View: 534

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Gendered Citizenship

by Rebecca DeWolf, Gendered Citizenship Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Gendered Citizenship books, "Gendered Citizenship outlines how the original conflict over the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) altered the nature of American Citizenship, creating justification for sex-specific treatment and rights that still exist today"--



No Permanent Waves

No Permanent Waves PDF
Author: Nancy A. Hewitt
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 0813547245
Size: 37.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 453
View: 7055

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No Permanent Waves

by Nancy A. Hewitt, No Permanent Waves Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download No Permanent Waves books, No Permanent Waves boldly enters the ongoing debates over the utility of the 'wave' metaphor for capturing the complex history of women's rights by offering fresh perspectives on the diverse movements that comprise U.S. feminism, past and present. Seventeen essays - both original and reprinted - of this title address continuities, conflicts, and transformations among women's movements in the United States from the early nineteenth century through today. In this title, a respected group of contributors from diverse generations and backgrounds argue for new chronologies, more inclusive conceptualizations of feminist agendas and participants, and fuller engagements with contestations around particular issues and practices. Race, class, and sexuality are explored within histories of women's rights and feminism as well as the cultural and intellectual currents and social and political priorities that marked movements for women's advancement and liberation. These essays question whether the concept of waves surging and receding can fully capture the complexities of U.S. feminisms and suggest models for reimagining these histories from radio waves to hip-hop.